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Open AccessArticle

Development and Performance Evaluation of Solid-Free Drilling Fluid for CBM Reservoir Drilling in Central Hunan

by Pinghe Sun 1,2, Meng Han 1,2, Han Cao 1,2,*, Weisheng Liu 1,2, Shaohe Zhang 1,2 and Junyi Zhu 1,2
Key Laboratory of Metallogenic Prediction of Nonferrous Metals and Geological Environment Monitoring, Ministry of Education, Changsha 410083, China
School of Geosciences and Info-Physics, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2020, 13(18), 4857;
Received: 9 August 2020 / Revised: 8 September 2020 / Accepted: 15 September 2020 / Published: 16 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Development of Unconventional Reservoirs 2020)
Solid-free drilling fluid is a matter of cardinal significance in the course of Coal bed Methane (CBM) reservoir drilling. This study evaluated the performance of solid-free CBM drilling fluid in central Hunan. Three types of surfactants, namely TX-10 (nonionic), HSB1618 (zwitterionic) and penetrant T (anionic), were added in basic fluid at various concentrations of 0.05, 0.10 and 0.15% (m/m). This study comprised of drilling fluid rheology, sample mineral analysis, sample nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) scanning, sample wettability, and sample surface micro characteristics tests. The results show that TX-10 and HSB1618 enhance the rheological properties of drilling fluid, such as yield point and gel strength. Penetrant T has opposite effect on it. It was found that the minimum American Petroleum Institute (API) filtration is only 0.3 mL. This study adopted a new method using laser particle size analyzer to evaluate suspension performance. Based on the surface micro characteristics of the sample and the NMR scanning tests, it is found that the residual amount of basic fluid + HSB1618 in the sample is the smallest. The wettability modification curve indicates that three surfactants decrease the sample’s hydrophobicity. With the increase of surfactant concentration, all above parameters change regularly. The basic fluid + 0.10% HSB1618 has the strongest hydrophobicity for sample at pH = 10. This study obtained a set of solid-free drilling fluid system, which provides better suspension capacity and large contact angle and reduces residue of drilling fluid in CBM reservoir. Ultimately, it can accelerate the desorption of coal gas and reduce damage to the reservoir. View Full-Text
Keywords: CBM; surfactant; solid-free drilling fluid; CBM reservoir wettability CBM; surfactant; solid-free drilling fluid; CBM reservoir wettability
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Sun, P.; Han, M.; Cao, H.; Liu, W.; Zhang, S.; Zhu, J. Development and Performance Evaluation of Solid-Free Drilling Fluid for CBM Reservoir Drilling in Central Hunan. Energies 2020, 13, 4857.

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